History The Netherlands

History - list of articles in the section History The Netherlands

  • Battle of Arnhem
    In 1952, 8 years after the disastrous Battle of Arnhem, Radio Netherlands retold the events of that fateful 17th of September 1944 with the help of a diary of one family. (Broadcast – …
  • Signing of the statute for the Dutch West Indies [Ondertekening Statuut] / 1954-12-15
    In  december 1954 werd in een nieuw statuut de verhouding tussen Nederland en de overzeese gebiedsdelen in de West gewijzigd. Vanuit koloniaal perspectief kregen Suriname en de Nederlandse Antillen …
  • Window on Holland 1957
    Good old-fashioned radio roundup of the year’s main events from the Dutch perspective. Our annual newsreel looks back on the main events that affected Holland and the world in 1957: scientific …
  • Window on Holland 1958
    Good old-fashioned radio roundup of the year’s main events from the Dutch perspective, with interesting little facts and sound bites about Holland and the world in 1958: Queen Elizabeth I and …
  • Following the abdication of Queen Juliana and the inauguration of Queen Beatrix
    Abdication of Queen Juliana and Inauguration of Princess Beatrix
    The English Department’s live coverage of the abdication of Queen Juliana and the inauguration of Queen Beatrix on April 30, 1980. The reporters were Harry Kliphuis and Nevil Gray. The studio …
  • Bicentennial of Dutch-American relations
    This programme was recorded in Dutch for broadcast by the Dutch-language section of Radio Netherlands to mark the bicentennial of Dutch-American relations in 1982. The Dutch Republic was, after …
  • Press Conference with Queen Beatrix (Washington DC, 20 April 1982)
    Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands made a state visit to the United States in 1982, the year that marked the bicentennial of Dutch-American diplomatic ties. After a state dinner with president Ronald …
  • The Friday Report (1983)
    This is one of the few surviving copies of the magazine programme, broadcast in the 1980’s. In this end-of-year edition, presented by Barry O’Dwyer, five prominent Dutch men and women are …
  • Nine days to remember
    This documentary tells the story of the Battle of Arnhem in September 1944. It combines rare archive material with the memories of both civilians and soldiers who took part in Operation Market …
  • Bye bye, little sparrow
    Pete Myers and Bert Steinkamp present a documentary about the Dutch hunger winter of 1944. People who lived through this horrible period towards the end of the Second World War talk about their …
  • The Academic Medical Centre
    Nevil Gray reports on the recently opened AMC, the University of Amsterdam’s teaching hospital. At the time, it was the biggest building in Europe and replaced two old hospitals in the city …
  • African farmer with a hoe
    We made a hoe and went along – Part 6 – Black skin, white heart
    This entry is part of the series We made a hoe and went alongThe programme is part of the Radio Netherlands’ Transcription Series “We made a hoe and went along”, produced in 1986. Black Skin, White …
  • VIP Lounge: Former prime minister Dries van Agt
    This entry is part of the series VIP LoungeVIP Lounge was a series of portraits of well-known Dutch people who had gained international fame for their professional achievements at the time of these …
  • 1988: Israel 40 Years
    1988 marked the 40th anniversary of the founding of the state of Israel . This programme takes a look at Israel from a Dutch perspective. It was first broadcast on May 4th, which is the Dutch …
  • Rembrandt Express: featuring Prince Charles
    Pete Myers was among a select group of Dutch journalists invited to Kensington Palace to interview Britain’s Crown Prince Charles in 1988 to mark the 300th anniversary of the Glorious …
  • Chris Chambers meets Kees Waaldijk
    In this uncut interview, Chris Chambers talks to lawyer and gay rights activist Kees Waaldijk who was the driving force behind the legal “gay marriage’. He gives the history behind gay …
  • Pete Myers and the Bijlmer mourning
    A week after an El Al jumbo jet ploughed into an apartment building in the Bijlmermeer, Pete Myers presents a programme on mourning and loss. (The last few minutes are missing.) Share this:Click to …
  • The Girdle of Emeralds: Dutch colonial rule in the East Indies
    In August 1945, Indonesians proclaimed independence from the Netherlands. After hundreds of years of Dutch colonial rule. The East Indies was one of the world’s largest, richest and most …
  • Krakers
    In a small country like the Netherlands, housing is hard to come by. In the 1970’s and 80’s, the housing crisis reached a peak. As a result, some people took matters into their own hands. …
  • The Jordaan will never die
    25 years ago, the Jordaan, Amsterdam’s most famous neighbourhood was badly run down and in danger of being demolished. But, as Simone Weimans and Robert Chesal discover, common sense saved the …
  • Euthanasia in the Netherlands in 1997
    Robert Chesal interviews several doctors who talk about how carrying out euthanasia affects them personally. It contains a very moving illustration of this, involving a mother of 11 children. Share …
  • Sounds Interesting – Her Majesty Queen Beatrix at 60
      By the time Queen Beatrix celebrated her 60th birthday in 1998, she had been on the throne of the Netherlands for almost twenty years. By this time she had acquired a great deal of respect …
  • The Spice Lords: the History of the VOC, Part 1 of 4 – The Company of Far Lands
    The VOC (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie) or Dutch East India Company was the world’s first multinational commercial empire. For nearly two hundred years, from the time it was established in …
  • The Spice Lords: the History of the VOC, Part 2 of 4 – “Iron Fist, Velvet Glove”
    The VOC (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie) or Dutch East India Company was the world’s first multinational commercial empire. For nearly two hundred years, from the time it was established in …
  • The Spice Lords: the History of the VOC, Part 3 of 4
    The VOC (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie) or Dutch East India Company was the world’s first multinational commercial empire. For nearly two hundred years, from the time it was established in …
  • The Spice Lords: the History of the VOC, Part 4 of 4
    The VOC (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie) or Dutch East India Company was the world’s first multinational commercial empire. For nearly two hundred years, from the time it was established in …
  • Anne Frank at school at the age of 12
    Recreating Anne Frank: the Diary Debate
    From its first publication to the plays, films and dispute surrounding the ownership of her name, Anne Frank’s diary continues to stir up controversy. David Swatling investigates the history and …
  • Proud Passage: The Holland America Line
    Since it was founded in Rotterdam in 1873, the Holland America Line has transported about 7 million passengers to destinations around the world…from immigrants setting out for America in the early …
  • Diamonds: The Seven “C’s”, Part 1 – Color, Cut, Carat and Clarity
    Experts traditionally judge the quality of a finished diamond by four criteria: cut, clarity, color and carat. But there is a dark side to the story of this brilliant, beautiful stone—the hardest …
  • Diamonds: The Seven “C’s”, Part 2 – Cartels, Confidence, and Concessions
    Experts traditionally judge the quality of a finished diamond by four criteria: cut, clarity, color and carat. But there is a dark side to the story of this brilliant, beautiful stone—the hardest …
  • Wilhelmina: a Kingdom for a queen
    When Queen Wilhelmina inherited the Dutch throne from her father King Willem III of the Netherlands in 1890, she was only ten years old. She was not only the first female monarch of the Netherlands, …
  • Wake of the Half Moon: the Dutch Colony of New Netherland, Part 2 of 3- Pioneers and Patroonships
    The story of the pioneers who settled the new Dutch colony of New Netherland, the founding of New Amsterdam, and why the experiment of New Netherland nearly failed. This Dutch 17th-century Colony …
  • Stories of Our Century: “Doctor Zhivago”
    This entry is part of the series Stories of Our CenturyIn 1999, Radio Netherlands broadcast a series of 12 programmes telling the story of the 20th century through famous books. In each programme a …
  • Stories of Our Century: “The Diary of Anne Frank”
    In 1999, Radio Netherlands broadcast a series of 12 programmes telling the story of the 20th century through famous books. In each programme a guest speaker gives us the historical background behind …
  • Stories of Our Century: “Century of the Wind”
    This entry is part of the series Stories of Our CenturyIn 1999, Radio Netherlands broadcast a series of 12 programmes telling the story of the 20th century through famous books. In each programme a …
  • Stories of Our Century: “Wild Swans”
    This entry is part of the series Stories of Our CenturyIn 1999, Radio Netherlands broadcast a series of 12 programmes telling the story of the 20th century through famous books. In each programme a …
  • Stories of Our Century: “The Spy Who Came in from the Cold”
    This entry is part of the series Stories of Our CenturyIn 1999, Radio Netherlands marked the end of the millenium with a series of 12 programmes telling the story of the 20th century through famous …
  • Operation Vula: a secret Dutch network against apartheid
    This award-winning programme focuses on a secret operation involving the Netherlands Anti-Apartheid Movement, the AABN, during Nelson Mandela’s imprisonment and the apartheid years in South …
  • The Gypsy in My Soul: Sinti and Roma in the Netherlands
      The people who many of us refer to as “gypsies”, but who call themselves Sinti and Roma, are a small ethnic minority in the Netherlands numbering between five and seven thousand at …
  • Panoramic View of Haarlem, c.1670 (Guildhall Gallery, London)
    The Clouds Are Our Mountains: the Uniqueness of the Dutch Landscape
    When the ancient Roman historian Tacitus witnessed how the inhabitants of what is now the Netherlands lived on mounds of muddy earth surrounded by water, he was flabbergasted that anyone would choose …
  • The Science Art of Dr. Sylvius
    In the mid-17th century, Dr. Franciscus Sylvius was a professor of Medicine at Holland’s first and most famous university. The Faculty at Leiden paid double the normal salary to entice the famous …
  • The Tides of Change: the Netherlands and South Africa
    Time has brought about enormous change in relations between the Netherlands and South Africa: from the days when Dutch settlers founded Capetown and formed the Boer community to the days of Afrikaner …
  • Window to the Past: Holland in 1950
    In 1950, the topic of European unity was being talked about in Holland as much as it is today but for very different reasons. It was just five years after the end of World War II and the Marshall …
  • Warrior Women
    Mindy Ran tries to unravel the myths surrounding Kenau Simonsdochter Hassalaer, born in 1526. She was the daughter of an important Haarlem family, ran a shipyard,  was involved in the defence of …
  • Euthanasia in the Netherlands in 2000
    Mindy Ran talks to politicans and medical practioners about the draft bill that will legalise euthanasia. What are the pros and cons? Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click …
  • Two Tales of the City: Water and Land in Amsterdam, Part 1 of 2- The Dikereeve’s Tale
    In this new millenium, Amsterdam like so many cities around the world has been facing the challenge of building for an expanding population, a changing economy, and new technologies. In these two …
  • Dutch Horizons – Slavery Special
    This programme is an updated version of the Slavery Special, broadcast on the December 24, 2000, when the sit and the design of the Slavery monument still had not been decided.    Share …
  • Chris Chambers meets Max Kohnstamm
    In this uncut Chris Chambers talks to one of the pioneers of European integration after World War Two. He was secretary of the French founding father of the European Community, Jean Monnet. It is …
  • Dutch Horizons: the Royal Wedding
    In the run-up to the wedding of Prince Willem-Alexander and Máxima, René Appel on Máxima’s proficiency in Dutch, Argentinian photographer Marcelo Bodsky’s exhibition illustrating crimes …
  • King Willem Alexander, Princess_Beatrix + Queen Maxima
    The House of Orange: A union of nation and family
    No family has closer ties to the Dutch nation or played a greater role in the history of the Netherlands than the House of Orange. The country’s “founding father” William of Orange, …
  • The wedding of Dutch Prince Willem-Alexander and Máxima
    Highlights of the coverage of Radio Netherlands’ current affairs programme, Newsline, of the marriage of Dutch Prince Willem-Alexander and Máxima in 2002. Share this:Click to share on Twitter …
  • Johannis de Rijke: the Dutch Sensai
    Johannis de Rijke (1842-1913) was the son of a humble dyke worker from Zeeland. Yet by the time he died, he had reached the highest position ever reached by a foreigner in Japan and was a regular …
  • The VOC Archives: the Records of the Dutch East India Company
    Over 400 years ago, in 1602, the Dutch East India Company was set up with trading posts all over the world, and it grew into the first and biggest multinational commercial enterprise of its time. The …
  • Black Face, White Heart: African recruits in the Dutch East Indies army
    This documentary tells the untold story of the Black Dutchmen Belanda Hitam. In the nineteenth century, between 1831 to 1872, three thousand West Africans were recruited to serve in the Dutch East …
  • Sound Fountain/Global Perspective: Retracing the routes
    Global perspective: A group of international broadcasters exchanges documentaries with a common theme. This five-part series examines the way in which global forces are challenging business and …
  • The hidden life of Otto Frank
    In this unedited interview, Paul Clark talks to Carol Ann Lee about her remarkable new biography of Otto Frank. In it, she presents a plausible theory about who betrayed the Frank family in 1944 and …
  • Rivers of the World: the Vecht in Holland
    This entry is part of the series Rivers of the WorldRivers cradle the world’s earliest civilizations. Mythology and religion were born on their banks. They provide us with life-giving water. We eat …
  • Rivers of the World: the Mississippi, “She-wood and Cypress- the Mississippi River Rats”
    This entry is part of the series Rivers of the WorldRivers cradle the world’s earliest civilizations. Mythology and religion were born on their banks. They provide us with life-giving water. We eat …
  • Zeeland ’53: Holland’s great flood disaster
    For centuries, the Dutch have reclaimed land from the sea. But in 1953, the sea tried to take back a huge portion from the province of Zeeland in the south of The Netherlands. The worst flood in …
  • Samuel Sarphati
    As a young Amsterdam physician of Portuguese and Spanish Jewish descent, Samuel Sarphati (1813-1866) worked early in his career to improve the living conditions of broad sections of the population in …
  • Traces of War: Survivors of the Burma and Pakanbaroe Railroad
    “Traces of War” is a book created by photographer Jan Banning about 24 men who survived slave labour on the construction of the notorious Burmese and Pakanbaroe railroads. The railway …
  • Research File Special: Archeology
    We’ll go visit a dig where recently the remains of a 6000-year-old house have been found. It marks the transition from a society of hunter-gatherers into an agricultural one. There’s a …
  • The Right Side: Dutch Communists 50 Years after Stalin
    When Joseph Stalin died in 1953, many people all over the world truly mourned. Several generations later, this reaction is difficult to understand, given the millions of people that were killed under …
  • Holland’s Black Page: the Violence of Decolonisation
    This is part of a series called “War and Forgiveness” about the victims and perpetrators of wartime atrocities, produced by Radio Netherlands together with WNYC and Sound Print. In this …
  • The Day the World Came to an End: the Great Delft Thunderclap of 1654
    This programme commemorates the 350th anniversary of one of the most bizarre events to take place in the 17th century. The day was 12th October 1654, a normal Monday morning in the Dutch city of …
  • Adams in Amsterdam, Part 1 of 3: “A Poet in Your Pocket”
    The first program in a three-part series commemorating the 225th anniversary of the arrival in Amsterdam of John Adams. He would later become the second president of the newly independent United …
  • Beatrix: A Silver Year for the House of Orange
    This programme was broadcast for Queen Beatrix’s 25th anniversary on the Dutch throne in April of 2005. It looks at her role as head of state and member of the government, and her perceived …
  • Harm van der Wal
    A Diary of War and Liberation
    Harm van der Wal was coming of age during the Second World War and kept an insightful diary of these formative and dramatic years of his life: the front-line fighting so close to his home, the tense …
  • Bridges of Bone and Blood: Searching for the Missing in Bosnia-Herzegovina
    A decade and more after the former Yugoslavia fragmented in bitter conflict, many thousands of people from the region are still missing. In “Bridges of Bone and Blood” – a special edition of The …
  • A replica of the Batavia in 2007
    From the Sea: the ill-fated ‘Batavia’
    In 1629,the newly built “Batavia” was sailing to the Dutch East Indies on her maiden voyage, laden with silver coins for the purchase of spices, when she became the centre of a criminal …
  • The Fairbridge Farm School
    After the end of the Second World War, hundreds of Dutch children and adults who had been prisoners of the Japanese in the East Indies were sent to the Fairbridge Farm School in Pinjarra Australia to …
  • The diary of Otto van Eck
    Otto van Eck was just seventeen when he died of tuberculosis in 1798. His name and life had been totally forgotten until the recent discovery of his unique diary. It was started when he was ten years …
  • Little Fish in a Multicultural Pond: De Baarsjes
    A profile of Amsterdam’s most multicultural district, De Baarsjes, where locals are active with many projects to bring the community’s diverse residents closer together. Produced and presented by …
  • Was she an immigrant? Most servants in the Dutch Golden Age were. (Vermeer, The Milkmaid, Amsterdam Rijksmuseum, ca 1660)
    The First Newcomers: Immigrants to the Dutch Republic in the Age of Rembrandt
    In the 17th century people were on the move as much as they are today. The Thirty Years War sent millions of Europeans fleeing, and religious persecution prompted many to search for a new home. The …
  • FelixMeritis Building in Amsterdam
    Felix Meritis
    Felix Meritis is one of the Netherlands most remarkable and important historical buildings. Lying on one of the grandest canals in Amsterdam, it has been the centre of the Dutch Enlightenment, the …